The eight main U.S. military installations in the Red River Valley - one in Louisiana, three in Oklahoma, and four
in Texas - show above any other cultural feature how closely history is linked between the three states.
Spanning four wars - the Texas Revolution, the Mexican-American, Civil, and Indian Wars - the forts not only
record the progress of the Western frontier, but also what has been lost in the American quest for Manifest
Destiny.

Below is a map of the Red River Valley and the locations of the six forts, numbered in order of their
establishment. Click on the fort's names to learn about each one.
Red River Fort Tour
Fort 1 - Fort Jesup, between Robeline and Many, Louisiana (1822)

Fort 2 -
Fort Towson, between Idabel and Hugo, Oklahoma (1824)

Fort 3 -
Fort Washita, between Durant and Tishomingo, Oklahoma. (1847)

Fort 4 -
Fort Belknap, between Graham and Throckmorton, Texas. (1851)

Fort 5 -
Fort Phantom Hill, north of Abilene, Texas (1852)

Fort 6 -
Fort Griffin, between Throckmorton and Albany, Texas (1867)

Fort 7 -
Fort Richardson, between Jacksboro and Graham, Texas (1868)

Fort 8 -
Fort Sill, active fort in Lawton, Oklahoma (1869)
Questions or comments? E-mail me: robin@redriverhistorian.com