|Four major tribes inhabited the Red River Valley of the Southwest before and during
European invasion. The Caddos, Wichitas, Kiowas and the Comanches dominated
the region and its history for centuries, if not millenia.
After European contact, fortunes for Native Americans changed drastically. The Red
River Valley reflected this through the migration of the Shawnees, the invasions of
the Osages, and the alliances with the Tonkawas.
In the American period, the Red River Valley became home to two tribes, the
Choctaws and Chickasaws, removed from their lands east of the Mississippi River
via the final Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Historical travelers can discover their impact on the landscape if they where to look.
These pages will be your guide to learning about these important cultures, their
places in history, and where they are now.
|Tribes in the Red
River Valley before
|Tribes settling in
the Red River
Valley at the onset
of Indian Territory
End of the Trail
|Red River Originals
|Map of original
in the United
on the map to see
a bigger version.